“Studying”

EDIT: To all you sophomores using this to study right now, I’m just going to give a disclaimer: this study guide didn’t really help with my test grade. Use at your own risk, and good luck on your test. (As for how I found out, I have my sources >:) )

Last post for NaBloPoMo that I’ll have to do on a school day. YES.

Anyways, I kind of have a big test tomorrow, and I’m actually going to study so I don’t make the mistakes of Day 7. Have fun reading the study guide.

[Start time: 9:22 PM]

[Music playing, access to online documents, shoot, my binder is on my desk. Ugh, I don’t want to get up.]

[Ok back with binder. NOW I can start. 9:27. Sigh]

INDIA

Harsha and his attitudes toward religion and warfare

United Northern India

Warrior from the Pubjab region who became a humanitarian.

Buddhist that was tolerant of Hinduism

Built roads, hospitals temples (Hindus and Buddhists), and wrote three plays.

The Brahmans killed him because he was so tolerant and and because he showed favoritism to Buddhists.

Groups that invaded India and why.

Huns, Arabs, and Turks

They wanted to move up in social status? Claimed kshatriya status and allied with rajas (kings) through marriage

Also, Muhammend Ibn Qasim led the Umayyands against the Sind to end piracy.

Islam spread, and many Hindu towns surrendered willingly, since the Muslims had lower taxes and greater religious toleration.

Turks from Afghanistan led by Mahmud of Ghazni would raid India not to conquer, but to take treasure. [STOP HAIR PULLING] [Wait do raids count as invasions?]  Wanted to make Ghazni a center of Islamic learning.

Compare the arrival of Islam into different areas of India.

Some people willingly [I should change the music. KPOP HERE WE GO.] converted to Islam because it offered lower taxes and greater religious toleration.

Islam spread along the coast through its trade network.

[This is getting off topic. Moving on.]

[edit I actually found some relevant stuff. 10:13]

Northern India had larger conversions to Islam because of point of entry and Delhi Sultanate

[even later]

Islam spread along coast in South

trade

traded gold for a variety of merchandise like agricultural goods, textiles, herbs, etc.

coins minted and circulated throughout the towns of North India.

caused many foreign merchants to settle in India

[9:46. Sigh]

Delhi Sultanate (Know everything) [WHAT IS A SULTANATE.] [Dictionary definition: country or territory ruled by a sultan. Well thanks. Nevermind]

[So I just have to survive through first period tomorrow and my day’s done. icandothis.]

300 years, ruled by Persians, Afghans, Turks, and “mixed descent.”

Conflict with Mongols [BTD INFINITE] Turks, and Hindus over control of the region.

power based on large military machines, specifically cavalry [WHY WHY] and war elephants

Lords were mostly Muslim, but the dependents were Hindu [My grammar is getting poorer by the second.] [Oh look facebook message] [9:55] [9:56 I’m back] [Nevermind, another message.] [9:59] so there was often conflict that reduced the amount of power that the sultanate had.

Hindu made up most of the bureaucracy and the military

Econ–

textile industry strong– cotton, woolen, and silk cloth.

Metal, stone and brick work industries and the sugar industries-guild operated (guaranteed quality)

Every town had a marketplace

Cultural–

Sultans spoke Turkish languages and they read Persian literature

Indians retained Hinduism and spoke Sanskrit languages [whoa, back in the days where people actually used Sanskrit]

Hindu and Urdu acquired many Persian and Arabic words [how am I going to remember all these names?]

Turkish-style trousers.  [PANTSSS]

Hinduism adopts Buddhist practices- vegetarianism, non-sacrifice

Turks drive Buddhists into Tibet causing decline of Buddhism in India.

Women–

Status lowered under Hinduism and Buddhism

Positions of respect, but freedom greatly limited. — couldn’t leave house

Dependent on males in family

Could become educated

Sati encouraged

Peasant women had more equality for economic reasons.

[10:26 more edits] Collapse

over-taxation, not as much revenue from conquering lands.

Tamerlane’s Turkish forces sacked Delhi

Babur “the Tiger” arrives with an army of Turks and Afghans.

Sikhism and Bhakti

Bhakti– type of Hinduism with mysticism similar to Islam but veneration of Hindu gods such as Kali.

Sikhism– blend of Hinduism and Islam, stressed loving devotion to G-D and a brotherhood to all

[whee notes copying]

Hiuen-Tsiang

Chinese Scholar who wrote Hsi Vu chi (Record of Western Lands), records exact observations in India and give guidance on archaeology

Alberuni

Another visitor–learned about science and literature

Wrote Tarikh al-hind (History of India)

[10:28 slight break] [oh gosh my eyes are tearing up really badly because I’m so tired.]

women in India (north and south)

Northern (Copy-pasted from above)

Status lowered under Hinduism and Buddhism

Positions of respect, but freedom greatly limited. — couldn’t leave house

Dependent on males in family

Could become educated

Sati encouraged

Peasant women had more equality for economic reasons.

South– stronger role in family and society in general

CHINA (Ming)

trade

trade bad, agriculture good, although Hongwu depended on merchants and traders for revenue

Yongle funded Zheng He’s voyages

[10:39 I’m going to publish this now and then keep updating]

Neo-Confucianism

created in response to too many people believing in Taoism and Buddhims. Limited rights of women

mandarins

bureaucrat who worked his way up by taking the civil service exam, special class of powerful officials.

Eunuchs

castrated males with a lot of power because no heirs — contributed to corruption of government (selfish)

[Yawn.]

Forbidden City

Created by Yongle as a palace

detached from rest of world–contributed to decline of Ming

Civil Service

fun test of memorizing Confucian tests- mostly limited to elites since texts were expensive.

reintroduced in Ming

Literature

Water Margin and Romance of the Three Kingdoms

Yongle wanted to compile the Great Canon of the Yung-lo Era

Art

porcelain– blue on white

[break for crashcourse]

[11:15 break over back to typing]

Zheng He’s motives and results

Stop Japanese pirates

look for threats to China

encourage expatriate Chinese to pay tax and returnhome

restored trade with Middle east and got SE Asia under Chinese control

Demanded taxes and allegiance from Chinese merchants living abroad (attacked Sumatra when they resisted)

Established commerce, created tributarys tates and surveyed the Indian Ocean.

Yongle

Moved capital to Beijing

rebuilt canal linking Beijing to Yangtze River

CONSTANT WAR WITH MONGOLSSS

Slavery

Hongwu banned slavery

14th CENTURY

Causes and results of the 100 years’ war

FEUDAL
William the Conqueror, who took the English Crown after his Norman Conquest in 1066, was not only the king of England,but as duke of Normandy he was also a vassal to the king of France
The English Crown expanded its territory in France to include Aquitaine, Gascony, and other rich and fertile lands in the south and west. – Neither side liked this arrangement
Charles IV of France died without an heir
English monarch Edward III, his nephew, claimed French throne
POLITICAL
French encourage Scottish Bruce to rebel
Civil war between French nobles
ECONOMIC
Flanders was a fiefdom of France, but depended on English wool for markets
RESULTS
France– more nationalism, decreased internal fighting
decline in wool trade

Weapons

English had 6ft long longbow-huge advantage

Peasant uprisings, why and results

Can I just assume this is common sense?

Role of the Church

Lost legitimacy after [11:31] they couldn’t stop plague. And then the fun with the Great Schism!

Great Schism

That fun stuff with popes excommunicating each other

[11:39 barbarbarbarbarbar…oh how I love you kpop]

Babylonian Captivity

The Church in Avignon seen as a French puppet

home-base advantage ish.

Conciliarism

Church has more power than pope–later revoked.

Plague Packet (You really should read it if you haven’t) [Oh gosh don’t remind me]

Plague’s causes and results

Can I just put generic stuff? Trade, people to people contact. Oh wait that animal. Rats. Also the little ice age. Started in China

PEOPLE DIED.

Who died from Plague

PEOPLE.

Doctors and priests were the first to die

nobility became isolated so they were more safe.

peasants died.

Plague’s responses by Christians,Muslims and Jews

THE JEWS CAUSED IT. THE JEWS POISONED EVERY SINGLE WATER WELL OUT THERE. BURN THE JEWS. [if this gets me search engine traffic..]

Muslims– no use trying to stop it

Primary documents

MONGOLS [They’re always the exception!]

Trade

Nomads, so duh.

traded with agricultural societies to acquire wood,cotton, silk, veggies and grain.

Trade was protected by Mongol control and promoted by Mongol tax policies.

Diplomacy

Children used as pawns of diplomacy.

[11:54 wheee]

warfare

Everyone’s a warrior

Spent most of their time in the saddle

not THAT savage–only when they wanted to be.

Guyuk Khan’s letter

Convert to Christianity…to Pope Innocent

Marco Polo documents

they would wear armor made from the hides of buffalo and other beasts, fire dried and thus hard and strong.

when a father dies,his sons may wed all of the deceased mans wives with the exception of their mother. They also cannot marry their mother’s sisters.

their weapons were bows, iron maces and spears. The Mongol bows could shoot significantly farther than the middle eastern bows because of the composite structure of the bow and a jade thumb ring that allowed the archers hand to withstand the tension of the drawn bowstring.

Women

Women were considered as Equals.

Women took responsibility managing theneeds of the camp, breeding and birthing oflivestock.

Gender 600-1450

 Ha.

OTHER

Mental Map

NO.

[12:01 now can I go to sleep? Goodnight, and may this studying do some good.]

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One thought on ““Studying”

  1. Pingback: The Things Worth Losing Sleep For: NaBloPoMo Day 30 | afanofideas

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